Illinois National Guard

First Muster
War of 1812
Civil War
 Illinois militia contributed the top leadership for the Union during the Civil War with Abraham Lincoln as President and Ulysses S. Grant, General of the Army. This Rank left Grant in control of the entire Union Army, a rank he held until Inaugurated as the 18th President of the United States. Illinois contributed over fifty generals to the Union. Ironically, Simon Buckner, appointed Adjutant General of Illinois in March of 1857, rescinded October 14th the same year. and started his own Militia unit in Louisville, Kentucky. Buckner later served the Confederacy.
 General Ulysses S. Grant

“I propose to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer..”

Ulysses S. Grant, Dispatched to Washington, May 11, 1864

“God gave us Lincoln and Liberty, Let us fight for both.”

Ulysses S. Grant – A toast at dinner during Vicksburg Campaign, February 22, 1863.
  General Ulysses S. Grant 


“His spare figure, simple manners, lack of all ostentation, extreme politeness, and charm of conversation were a revelation to me, for I had pictured him as a man of a directly opposite type of character, and expected to find in him only the bluntness of a soldier. Notwithstanding the fact that he talks so well, it is plain he has more brains than tongue. He is one of the most remarkable men I have ever met. He does not seem to be aware of his powers.”

Alexander Stephens, Vice President of the Confederacy, upon meeting Grant at the end of the war.
Major General John A Logan  “I have entered the field to die, if need be, for this government, and never expect to return to peaceful pursuits until the object of this war of preservation has become a fact established.”

John A. Logan, 1862 upon declining to become a candidate for re-election to Congress.

“Let no vandalism of avarice or neglect, no ravages of time, testify to the present or to the coming generations, that we have forgotten, as a people, the cost of a free and undivided Republic.”

Major General John A. Logan, on establishing Memorial Day.
Major General John A Logan   

Major General John Pope   

“The strongest position a soldier should desire to occupy is one from which he can most easily advance against the enemy. Let us study the Probably lines of retreat of our opponents, and leave our own to take of Themselves, let us look before us, and not behind us. Success and glory are in the advance, disaster and shame lurk in the rear.”

Union Major General John Pope, address “To the Officers and Soldiers of the Army of Virginia,” Headquarters of the Army of Virginia, Washington D. C., July 14, 1862
Major General John Pope 
 Major General Stephen A. Hurbult 

“I regret to say that no single vessel I port displayed American colours. Foreign craft had their National colors, the Flag of the Southern Confederacy and of the State of South Carolina was visible every where—but the tall masts of Northern owned Ships were bare and showed no colors whatever. Four miles down the Harbor the Standard of the U. States floated over Fort Sumter the only evidence of jurisdiction and nationality.

Stephen A. Hurlbut, early 1861 while acting as investigator for President Lincoln in Charleston to see if there were any Union sentiments in Hurlbut’s native community.
  Major General Stephen A. Hurbult
Commander-in-Chief, President Abraham Lincoln    The fiery trial through which we pass, will light us down, in honor or dishonor, to the generation. …the dogmas of the quiet past are inadequate to the stormy present…In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free…We must disenthrall ourselves, and then we shall save our country.

Abraham Lincoln, September 22, 1862
  Commander-in-Chief, President Abraham Lincoln 


 Major General John Buford

“They will attack you in the morning and they will come booming-skirmishers three deep. You will have to fight like the devil until supports arrive.”

Union Gen. John Buford, Gettysburg, July 1, 1863

I sent him word I was a Captain in the United States Army and I intend to remain one.
General John Buford, upon request by the Kentucky Governor to join the Confederacy, 1861
Major General John Buford