Illinois National Guard

Revolutionary War
War of 1812
Seminole War
Civil War
Spanish-American War
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Since Vietnam
    Seminole War
    When the Seminole War is mentioned, most people probably do not even know what is being talked about. Between 1835 and 1842, America would lose 1,500 troops in this war that focused on containing the aggressive Seminole tribes. Although the Seminole War is seen as a minor war, it set two major precedents in caring for the dead. The first major change was the financial involvement of the government in shipping the bodies home. If the families would pay for a lead coffin, the government would pay for the shipping costs. This encouraged many of the families to get involved in recovering the remains of their loved ones. This set a precedent for the governments responsibility in recovering all those killed in combat. In 1835, the Seminoles ambushed and killed 108 soldiers under the command of Major General Francis Dade. Only three soldiers survived the massacre. Three months later, the Army sent troops in to retake the battlefield and bury the remains. This was a first time in history that troops were sent in to secure the dead. This would be unique to American's for years to come. After the war, money was donated to secure a cemetery in St. Augustine, Florida to bury the dead from that fateful ambush. The bodies were exhumed and reburied in the cemetery built and dedicated to their memory. This was the precursor to the National Cemetery system that was established during the Civil War.